Kashaya - English


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*nabacnabáʔDecremented of*naʔbacnot know how
*nac1-v-instrdrive, herdPlural*nahciPrefixed*manacdrive animal
*nac2-v-instrremainwith -a·la-Absolutivehanaca·lawsecond crop of fruit last to goDirectionalhanaca·lawsecond crop of fruit last to go*munaca·lastay after fire*šunaca·la(water) remain after tide goes out ?Prefixedhanaca·lawsecond crop of fruit last to go*munaca·lastay after fire*šunaca·la(water) remain after tide goes out ?
*nac3-v-instrgather, remainoften with a DirectionalDirectional*hanaca·laremainPrefixed*banacblame*binacgather in arms*canachide behind*cunacpile up save thrifty*cʰinacsweep together*danacpush together*dinacgather*hanaca·laremain*hinacgather*minacpush with toes*munacgather moving objects*pʰanacpush together with pole*pʰunacgather by wind*šunacgather by pulling
*nac4-v-instrbe silhouettedPrefixed*pʰinacbe silhouetted
nacʼololnacʼolólndeer-head disguise for huntingnacʼolol ʔtʰine·mudeer-head disguise for huntingNominal Phrasenacʼolol daʔbo· qʰalecottonbatting plant
nacʼolol daʔbo· qʰalenacʼolól daʔbo· qʰalencottonbatting plant, everlasting, cudweedGnaphalium chilense (Sunflower Family)Tech. The cottony flower tops were used like stuffing to line deer antler head disguises where it rested on the forehead (Oswalt, linguistic files). G.S. June-Augustnacʼololdeer-head disguise*daʔbostuff by handqʰale1tree, plant
*nahci-Plural of*nac1drive
nahmomonahmomónarmpit2.1.6Bone, jointCompoundnahmomo ʔimearmpit hair
nahmomo ʔimenahmomó ʔimenarmpit hair2.1.5Hairnahmomoarmpitʔimebody hair
*nahtinahtaqáʔPlural of*ne3throw, put long object put (long) on ground bring fall, drop set a day
*nam-v-instrn. defSynonym*diʔboqʼhit against hard by falling*diʔboqʼhit against hard by falling*diʔboqʼotflop down hard*hiʔboqʼotflop down*ʔkʼilavoid*ʔkʼilavoidkʼili 1blackkʼili 1black
*nanutahqananutáhqawvincapacitate*nanutaqget crippled
*nanutaqnanutáʔvget cripplednanutá·qaget crippled!nanutá·tahmeʔget crippled! (to several)Causative*nanutahqaincapacitatenanu·crippled
nanu·nanu·´adjcrippled; lamecohšo nánu·crippled handnanúyyananu·yaD: Pluralnanu· ʔé· muit is lame2.5.3InjureSynonymbanocrippledhanuʔsʼalimpingVerbalization*nanutaqget crippled
nanu·hananu·ha´npocket knife6.7.1Cutting tool
napʰa codo·dunapʰa códo·dunsmall spring salmon about a foot long1.6.1.5Fishnapʰa·harpoon*codo·dcarry along (in container) bring here (in container) carry along (supported underneath) bring here (supported underneath) ride horse along ride horse here
napʰaʔahsiynapʰaʔáhsiynhard, firm, difficult8.3.6.2Hard, firm6.1.3Difficult, impossible
napʰa·napʰa·´nharpoon, fish spear6.4.5.3Fishing equipmentNominal Phrasenapʰa codo·dusmall salmon
*napʰinapʰíwvflock together (especially of birds in the air)sʼihta nápʰiwbirds to flock togethercuhula tow ʔacaʔ baṭʰe· napʰiwmany people flocked from the north (as from a football game)napʰi·tʰumeʔdon't flock!Compare*nohpʰo 1live in place
naqʼolonaqʼolónsmall shallow tray-like basket for parching grainCompareqʼolo·1mortar basket
naranhanaránhaFree Variant ofnara·haorange
nara·hanará·hanorange (fruit)5.2.3.1.2Food from fruitComparecʼahtaʔ šiʔbaorange, yellowFree Variantnaranha< Span. naranja
nasʼuhaynasʼúhaynumperhaps an old term for one hundred: known to be a number, but meaning is uncertainCompare=se·ntuhundredqʰošoṭʼomhmahundredarch
našoyanašoyányoung woman; girl; maiden between time of puberty and marriagenašoyá bahṭʰea big young womanqawi nášoyaa little younger womannášoya qawia little young woman8.4.6.5.1Young2.6.5.2WomanComparemašoyayoung womanqa·šenʔyoung womanqawiyayoung manPluralnašoyayyaCompoundʔima·ta našoyagirlVerbalization*našoyam(girl) be adolescent