Kashaya - English


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SONG-suppsung material
*sa1-v-instrsplit off severalPrefixed*basapick with mouth*bisafinish food with spoon*casaknock off with rear*cusabreak by shooting*dasabreak off with hand*dasabreak off with hand*disafall off of limb*dusasplit several with finger*hisacrack off of itself*masapull off of*misakick off limbs*musabreak off with fire*pasabreak off by hitting*pisabreak off with side of stick*pusablow off limb*šusatear off
*sa2sáw1vbe a tight fit (i.e. of a dress)saʔ ya*plsáw ʔtʰin e· muit didn’t fitsadon’t fit in (so you won’t go in a too small place)!sátʰmeʔD: Plural ImperativesatʰuʔD: Negativesací·duD: Durativesawá·duwa·duD: Durative +sata·duD: Plural Objecthaʔu ʔimo ʔélli yal cohšo satá·nʔour hand don’t fit in that holeʔanáw hsate· maʔu walehólyo bíl ya·su tolthese beads are really getting stuck on the needle (too small a hole to thread)pʰalá hsapʰala saD: Imperativepʰalá hsatipʰala satiD: Intentivepʰalá hsata·dupʰala satá·duD: Durativesamuʔto be tight, not fitcalel samú·cʼiwacʼmeʔcrowd yourselves together somehow!samúcʼmeʔD: Plural Imperativepʰalá hsamucʼmeʔD: Plural Imperativesaʔ+2adjtight-fittingFree Variant*hsa4Plural*saʔya
sabiṭʼo·yicʼsabíṭʼo·yiʔn1blueberry, currant, cranberrysabíṭʼo·yicʼ insʼis seems to be a currant1.5Plant5.2.3.1.2Food from fruit2red huckleberry or red bilberry; wild currantsabíṭʼo·yicʼ e· muit's a wild currantVaccinium parvifolium (Heath Family)Fd. This berry is eaten fresh. G.S. Summer1.5Plant5.2.3.1.2Food from fruitʔihsapenis*biṭʼo·take off outer layer
*saha·csahaʔ´vbecome densesahaciit's densesahaci·duD; durativeCompare*saha·t 1toughen*saha·t 2smoggy*ʔasi·c 2become unable to draw breath*ʔasi·c 3hardmuhqastiffʔahsiy 2hard, difficult
*saha·tsahaʔ´1vtoughen, hardensaha·ye· mu maʔáw bakʰotʰinciʔit's getting tough, it's not fit to eatheʔe sáhaʔhair hardenssaha·ciget tough! harden from maturing!sahacʰmeʔget tough! harden from maturing! (pl)sahaci·duce·du*sahaʔhardensahaci·duCompare*saha·cbecome dense*saha·t 2smoggy*ʔasi·c 2become unable to draw breath*ʔasi·c 3hardmuhqastiffmuhqastiffʔahsiy 2hard, difficult2adjsmoggy, hazybimáci (hosá) sahátʰciytoday it got smoggy, hazysahati·biʔhaze rises upsahata·lóhwiyhaze rising towards uphosa· sahátʰmawbe smoggy, hazydahpʰóʔ sahatʰmawthe fog is thick filecardsahatʰmaci·duis staying thick1.1.3.2CloudCompare*saha·cbecome dense*saha·t 1toughen*ʔasi·c 2become unable to draw breath*ʔasi·c 3hardmuhqastiffʔahsiy 2hard, difficult
*sahmohmosahmóhmowv-red??ša-by long object moving lengthwise*hmobreak up clods
*sahqacʼsáhqaʔvstop, quit an activity, making a noise; not used for quitting workʔihya síhkihkiwal sáhqayʔthe breeze stopped blowingduhṭʰalal sáhqayʔthe pain stoppedʔihcʰe sáhqaʔrain to stopsáhqacʼistop!sáhqacʼmeʔstop! (to several)sáhqacʼe·du*- D: Durativepʰala sáhqacʼistop again!sáhqacʼi mul ma monʔwadal ʔquit your running around!sáhqacʼa·tacʼmeʔ* D: Durative, Plural ImperativeCompare*muhye·stop runningDialectal Variant*hsahqacʼPlural*sahqacʼa·tadCausative*sahqacʼqastop (someone)
*sahqacʼa·tadPlural of*sahqacʼstop (doing)
*sahqacʼqasáhqacʼqawvmake someone stop doing something*sahqacʼstop (doing)
sahwilsahwílnpowdery mold, must; also powder from certain mushrooms1.5.4Moss, fungus, algaeCompoundhcasahwilsoot*sahwilbe musty
*sahwilsahwílʔvbe musty, be smutty, sootysahwilamʔto get musty; it's moldysahwilibecome soot!sahwilá·dugive off moldy dust!sahwillácʼmeʔD: Plural Imperativesahwilá·taduD: Durativesahwilá·mabecome soot (also powder from certain mushrooms)Derivativesahwilpowdery mold
*sakʼa·t-Plural of*hsakʼatbounce off
*sal1-v-instrbe thin, sheerPrefixed*pisalbe transparent*sal2thin
*sal2sálʔvthin, sheer8.2.3.1Thin thing2.3.1.6TransparentØ-no agent*sal1be thin
*salasalasalasálaw1v-red(voice or radio) sound distorted, loud, not very clear; steady tone is interfered withsalasálala·meʔloud with gradually falling tone2nloud ringing voice3.5.1.1Voice2.3.2.4Loud
salisali´adjmeshed, transparent: so thin or sheer it can be seen throughkʼaṭa sálimeshed cloth; mosquito net; voileʔama· salíthings you can see through [?]_wíre_ saliwá·yi saliscreenqʰale sálitree that can be seen throughtaqʰma sálisee-through dress8.2.3.1Thin thing2.3.1.6TransparentCompare*pisalbe transparentCompoundsapa·tu salisandals
salo·nsaló·nnhoe6.7.1.2Digging toolSynonymʔama pico·lihoeʔama pihkʰuhkʰu·lihoeʔama· hcʰe·lihoe< Span. azadón
*saluta·rsalutá·rvgreetmihṭʰelʔkʰe salutá·r ʔigive your mother my greetings< Span. saludar
samasama´nstem of a plant; handle of a tool6.7.8Parts of tools1.5.5Parts of a plantCompoundpi·pa samapipe stemqahca samaknife handlesama kʼisbeets radishšahku samathighNominal Phraseha·ru sama qʼobig dipper
sama kʼissama kʼísn1beets5.2.3.1.3Food from vegetablesCompareʔalitʰka tulsesugar beets2radish5.2.3.1.3Food from vegetablesCompoundsama kʼis qawiradishsamastemkʼi·sred
sama kʼis qawinradish5.2.3.1.3Food from vegetablessama kʼisbeets radishqawismall young a little
sama·sama·´1advnearby, close bysama· tʼétʰmanstanding alongside sama· cicʼá·dadu ʔul biʔtʼawá·dadushe was getting closer and closer, gradually catching upmacé· yaʔ sama· cawthe guard was sitting close by8.2.6.2NearSynonymmala·2besidesiʔbal 1close to2adpnear, close to, beside, next to, by, alongsideʔoho sáma·ho sáma·beside the fireʔama sáma·near the bank (of a river)ʔama· samá·near the landʔahca sáma· ~ ca sáma·near the houseqʰaʔbe sama· cahcisit down by the rock!hadú· pʰala mi· sama· nóhpʰowothers also lived near therebé·li cuhcʰi šúqʰaʔ mu·kitó sama·<menc'í·li ʔul bé·li ǯuhči šúqaʔ mu·gitó sama·> then;; here; buzzard;; close to; himthe buzzards alighted here, close to him8.2.6.2NearCompoundbisama·near thiscohšo qawi sama· cohšo ʔbamʔring fingerqawi samaafter birthʔiša sama tolupper armNominal Phrasecohšo miya·ṭʰe sama·index finger
santi·yasantí·yanwatermelon5.2.3.1.2Food from fruit< Span. sandía
sapa·tusapá·tunshoe, shoessapá·tu yyashoes5.3Clothing< Span. zapatoCompoundsapa·tu salisandals