Kashaya - English


w


we·yewé·yenoxwé·ye yyaoxen1.6.1.1.3Hoofed animals< Span. buey (probably from plural)
*wi-v-instrtwirlPlural*witCompoundʔoho dawiʔlifire drillPrefixed*bawiconvince; beg*cawispin while sitting*cʰiwistir up with tool*dawimove hand up and down drill*duwitwirl in fingers*hawikick multiple times*muwidrill*pʰawipoke*qawi1build*šuwitwirl
-wiwivFirst-person Object: not obligatory; nearly always occurs with a syntactically expressed first-person pronoun objectalways followed by Visual or by Singular Imperative
=wiwiadp1at2in3with (a tool), by (some means)4in order to, with which to [following /ʔkʰe/]Causativebihše šokolqa·limeat grinderCompoundbihše šokolqa·limeat grindercahno lowacʼmuʔlitelephonecuqʰata·maʔ litowelhida· wialong wayhoʔo cuseʔlitoothbrushmobi·ceduwimotorpʰaliʔlipaddleqʰaṭʰa·wiseashore on gravel beachšali·lisifterʔaṭʰa·wibeachDerivativemaʔa bahci·ligardenmi·lithereDirectionalmobi·ceduwimotorDurativemobi·ceduwimotorInstrumentalbihše šokolqa·limeat grindercuhši·ligrindercuhtisʼiwaduʔlipen, pencilcuhti·lipen, pencildatiʔlirolling pinma·kina šuli·mʔlielectric fanʔahca dusʼuli·biʔlilean-toʔahša sulemaʔ šokolʔlifishing reelʔama cisulʔlibroomʔama duweʔliin eveningʔama· cisulqaʔlivacuum cleanerʔime cisulʔlipet brushLocativebahše·wiFisk Millbaše·wiplace half mile north of Fisk Millhibu· wiPotato Placeṭʰabaṭʰe· wiMuch GravelṭʰeqʰalewiElderberry PlaceNominal Phrasecahno damita·duʔlispeaker, microphonecawikʰ mutʼehna·mucʼqa·lisoldering ironcawikʰ pʰutʼelqa·lisoldering ironca·ška daseʔlidishpan; dishclothkʼaṭa dasehqaʔliwashing machinemaʔa bimuyiʔli ca·škaplatema·kina šuli·mʔlielectric fanwa·yawi cahnotelephoneʔaca·c mihyaqʰama šoʔliradioʔaha· šuqʰamʔlisawʔahca cise·limopʔahca sʼaluʔcicʼqa·lifloor polisherʔahqʰa banala·muʔliconfluence of streamsʔahša sulemaʔ šokolʔlifishing reelʔama dabolʔlicrowbarʔama pihkʰuhkʰu·lihoe
*wihlamwihlámʔ1vbe a shoot of a plantwihlamá(to plant) have a shoot!wihlámmeʔ(to plants) have a shoot!wihlamá·tacʼmeʔ(to plants) have shoots!2nstalk or shoot; soaproot stalkwihlámʔ ʔahqoltall stalk1.5.5Parts of a plantComparehaʔamʔsoaprootPlural*wihlama·tacʼCompoundbaco· wihlamʔreed shootscʰala·mʔ wihlamʔwild sunflower shootsNominal Phrasebaʔcʼowa wihlamʔcelerywihla·stalk, shoot
*wihlama·tacʼwihlamá·taʔPlural of*wihlambe shoot of plant stalk, shoot
wihla·wihla·´nstalk or shoot of plantwihla· tʰin é· muit’s not a stalkʔacaʔ ʔahqolém wa·dun ʔihmi· wihla· miṭiwthe tall man, while walking, is like a stalk stretching along1.5.5Parts of a plantEssive*wihlambe shoot of plant stalk, shoot
wihša lahwalwihšaláhwaladvacross a barrier (mountain, river, canyon) to the east8.5.2.8North, south, east, west8.5.1.6Acrosswišalieast eastlahwalacross
wihṭʰawihṭʰa´nflour5.2.3.3Cooking ingredientsCompoundbiʔdu wihṭʰaacorn mealNominal Phrasewihṭʰa miyolaqbaking powder
wihṭʰa miyolaqwihṭʰa míyolaʔnbaking powder5.2.3.3Cooking ingredientsSynonymcuhni miyolaqbaking powdercuhni· hayolaqbaking powderwihṭʰaflour*mihyolmix with spoon spread with toes, nose
wina bakʰewina bákʰeadjfrom on high, heavenly, important8.3.7.5Important4.5.6.1High statuswina·above above shallow=bakʰe1from for (person, purpose) old (age)
wina šiʔbawina šíʔba1ntop of the body2.1Body8.6.2Top1.6.2Parts of an animalComparewiša šiʔbaupper body2adjinsincere, not from the heart4.3.5.1Dishonestwina·above above shallowšiʔbabody
winalwináladvalong, during [?]qʰama wínal cohtoʔset out on his trailsima winalwhile sleeping8.4.5.2.3Duringnot used alone
winaltowwináltowadvfrom the top7.2.2.5Move down8.6.2Topwina·above above shallow=tow2side
winaluwtowwinalú· towadvon topʔahca wínalu·tow doʔqʼoʔdiwaʔtihe is about to fix the roof8.6.2TopAntonymʔiyowtowon bottomCompare=tol 1onwina· 2aboveDerivativeʔahca winalu·towroofNominal Phrasecohšo winalu· towback of handwina·above above shallow=luwwith=tow2side
winanwinánadvexcessively, additionally, moreminán ʔbakʰe ma [-covered-]you add to what you [-covered-], "you're stretching the story"hiqʰaʔ winán ʔqʼoover halfciʔdomʔ batʰé· qʼo ʔnati winán bahcihqawelaalthough I have lots of flowers, I'm growing additional (not nec. too many)winán ʔbakʰe tʰin e· muthat's not more (of that, than he said, of that food)8.1.7.1ExtraAntonymhotow2 2lessʔcʰotwithoutCompoundwinandimacgizzardwinanqanmore
winandimacwinándimaʔngizzard1.6.2Parts of an animalwinanexcessively*dimaccarry (nonlong) in carry (nonlong) S or E
winanqanwinánqanadvmorekʼaṭa bátʰe· qʼo ʔnati ma winánqan cunacʰeven though you have lots of clothes, you're gathering even morewinanqan ma ʔahqʰa ṭʼama·dade· cuṭʼak'étialthough it is full you are still pouring water in too excess8.1.4Morewinanexcessively=qannow at a time
winatowwinatów1advon top8.6.2Top2advextremely (bad)ʔama· wináto· dihqawiye· yahe gives us a hard (bad) timewinatowé· to cahno cahno·dunaʔbacé· to mul cahnowI have trouble speakingwinatówe· mu cicʼi·du bakʰethat is impossible to do8.3.7.1Bad3adjterrible8.3.7.1BadDerivativewinatow yiheconceitedwina·above above shallow=tow1
winatow yihewinató· yiheadjconceited, arrogant, a show off, pushywinató· yihe ʔiwto be conceited4.3.4.4.1Selfishwinatowon top extremely terrible=yiheas if
wina·wina·´1adpabove, high (but on the ground, not above it), on topwina· tʰinnot on top8.6.2TopCompareqali· 2highwišaabove2advon top of, above, overʔáhca wina· min mul ma banémyem ʔṭʼoit looked like you put that on top of the househoʔtʼo wina·over the headhuʔú· wina·huʔú· wišatowabove eyes (on body or of hands held over eyes)lamé·sa wina· banemylamé·sa tol banemyhe put it on the tablelamé·sa wina· kalikákʰ cumawal dihqawé· to ʔlamé·sa tol kalikákʰ cumawal dihqawé· to ʔgive me the book on the tableʔahca wina·on the houseʔahca wína· dibiʔʔahca winaluto· dibiʔto take from on the houseʔahca winaltowaway from roof under its own powerho wína·on top of the firedono wína·on top of the hill8.5.1.3.1AboveCompare=tol 1onwinaluwtowon top3adjshallow (only of water)winá· mina little shallow; shallowerwina· min ʔit seems shallowwina· tʰinnot shallowwina· tʰin ʔit's not shallowʔahqʰa wína·shallow water8.2.6.5Deep, shallowComparebahkeshallowkaṭeshallowCompoundqʰama winalon someone's footsteps, trailwina šiʔbatop of body insincerewinaltowfrom the topʔahqʰa wina·shallow waterDerivativena·siboplus three thirteenwinatowon top extremely terribleEssivewina·maon surfaceNominal Phrasewina· ma· bakʰe yacʰmaKashaya peoplePhrasal Adjectivewina bakʰefrom on highPhrasal Verbwina· lowaʔseveral to talk above someone pray over
wina· lowaʔwina· lowáʔv1several to talk above someone2pray over (only in context)wina·above above shallow*lowacʼtalk (pl) pray (pl)
wina· ma· bakʰe yacʰmawina· má· bakʰe yacʰmanthe Kashaya peopleSynonymkʼahša·yaKashayawina·above above shallowʔama·1land, world sky, weather place ground=bakʰe1from for (person, purpose) old (age)=yacʰmaPL
wina·krewiná·krenvinegar5.2Food< Span. vinagre
wina·mawina·máwadvon the surfacemulidom ʔul mensʼi·li mul ˉ ʔahqʰa ʔem ṭʼí· cʰulala·méʔli ˉ ʔama· ṭʼi· ʔahqʰa yó· ʔama· ṭʰáʔbamʔ ˆ mi·li qʼaw ˆ wina·ma· bé·li qʼaw ˆthen when all of the water drained away, everything that had been under the water was left, left here on the surfacewina·above above shallow