Kashaya - English


y


yayapro1st person Plural Nominative: weBenefactiveyaʔkʰe1.Pl Ben 1.Pl PossLocativeyaʔna1.Pl Loc 1.Pl Loc.HObjectiveyal1.Pl Obj 1.Pl In.Poss
-yayavVisual Evidential: used for perfective or completed actions that the speaker knows to be true because he or she saw them happenCompare-aFACT-doHSY-innaAUR-qa1CIRCnot used after the Negative nor after imperfective suffixes such as the Durative
=yacyaʔn1Agentive: the noun marks the agent or important participant [?]2Respectful: indicates respect for the person named by the nounFirst person possessorhiʔbayayac1.Poss daughter's husbandmy, our son-in-law: daughter's husband; also granddaughter’s husband, sibling’s son-in-law, child-in-law’s brotherma·tayac1.Poss daughter-in-lawmy, our daughter-in-lawBenefactive=yacoʔkʰeLocative=yacoʔnaObjective=yacolVocative=yacoAbsolutiveqʼoʔo manew yacdancerCompoundduqʰata·du yacsucking doctorduyaʔtaw yacdreamer witness helpermace·yacguardmaya hca yacyou folksqʼoʔoyacsinging doctorʔama· qʼo yacfarmerDerivativebahṭʰe ʔiy yacolder (sibling)cahno lowaʔ yachiyemʔ yaclord, ruler=yacʰmaPLNominal Phrasebihše duhkʰuya·du yacbutchercahno dacetiʔ yactape recordercahno dicʼma·yacinterpretercuhma dúhkʰu·muʔ yacʰmaarmykawa·yu cumahci· yaccowboymatʼileʔya ʔelšiwa·du yacsalespersonmaʔa dutʼata·du yaccooknaṭa yya biditanʔqa· yacmidwifeqali bakʰe yacangelqʼoʔo manew yacdancersʼaʔsʼa siqʰoliʔ yacvacuum cleanerweya qʼoʔdi yacHoly Spiritʔaca·c hadu· yacdevilʔahqʰatol duhkʰu·muʔ yacʰmanavyʔahqʰatol qamu·muʔ yacʰmanavyʔama ciqʰamʔ yacsurveyorʔama hnatʰqa· yacsurveyorʔama· cʼoʔ yacGodʔama· yow ʔbakʰe yacdevilʔima·ta ʔelšiwa·du yacpimpSubjectivetiya·c3r.AGT SubjUnspecified Complex Formqawi ʔiy yacyounger (sibling)
=yacoyacoVocative of=yacAGT RSPT
=yacolyacolObjective of=yacAGT RSPT
=yacoʔkʰeyacoʔkʰeBenefactive of=yacAGT RSPT
=yacoʔnayacoʔnaLocative of=yacAGT RSPT
=yacʰmayacʰman suffPlural for animate nouns, especially peopleNominal Phrasecuhma qamu·muʔ yacʰmaarmy=yacAGT RSPT
yahmoṭyahmóʔnmountain lion, pantheryahmoṭʼé· muit's a panther1.6.1.1.2Carnivore
yahwiyyahwíyinterjthank you!yahwiy nihcedun, to kʼili mocʼoʔkʰeʔit’s not going to take much to turn me blackyahwí· qʼoʔdiʔthanks, that's goodReflexive*yahwiya·macʼthankVerbalization*yahwiya·macʼthank
*yahwiya·macʼyahwiyá·maʔvthank (someone), give thanks (for something)yahwiyá·maʔ ʔima·ta ʔelthey thanked the womanyahwiyá·maʔteʔlet's give thanksʔanahmi yahwiya·macʼe·dun ʔe· ʔa mito maʔuI thank you very much for thisyahwiythank you!
yalyálpro11st person Plural Accusative: us21st person Plural Inalienable Possessive: our, oursya1.Pl Subj
yalayala´1adjstraight, right onhadu· ʔel ma·cáʔṭʼo yala pʰíla·cʼiʔthe rest, however, went right onʔahca yalastraight roomʔaha· yalastraight stickhiʔda yalastraight roadyala pʰíla·cʼiʔthey went right on8.3.1.3StraightComparekucʼa·haevensʼalutsmooth, slipperyyalaw 2at firstyuyu·cstraight2adjdirect, honestʔacaʔ yalastraight (standing) man; honest man4.3.5Honest3adj(stretched) flat, smoothyala ʔé· muit is smoothʔama· yalalevel land8.3.1.3.1Flat4adjbland (tasting)yala qáʔtʼawqaʔtʼáw hcʰoʔit tastes bland2.3.3Taste5advimmediately8.4.6.4.4ImmediatelySynonymkuyalaright nowʔanawiright awayCompoundkuyalaright nowSemelfactive*yalacstraighten out
*yalacyaláʔvstraighten out; be stretched or straightened outyalacistraighten out! straighten up!yalací·du(wa·du)D: DurativeyalácʰmeʔD: Pluralyalayícʼmeʔstraighten yourselves!yalacíʔtʰuʔD: Negativeyala cítiʔthey became straightyalácʰqastraighten it!yala cíticʼqastraighten them!Compare*yuyu·cstraightenyalastraight direct flat bland immediately
yalaqolacʼyalaqólaʔnyoung spike buck1.6.3Animal life cycle1.6.1.1.3Hoofed animalsyalastraight direct flat bland immediately*qolagroup stands-acʼ1
yalawyaláw1adjpreviousyalá· capa tol ṭuhsoyíduṭaʔthis past Fridayyaláw ʔṭʼo ʔa soh me· ʔicé·dutʰin muʔnati bihqatol ʔa soh mi· ʔiʔkʰe ʔbefore (earlier, previous times) I didn't stay there but this time I'm going to stay thereyalá· capaltowsince last weekAntonymna·milastComparešihcac 1while agošihcac 2few days ago2advat firstyalawe· muhe was at firstyalawʔ bakʰe ʔacaʔthe first manyalaw él dibi·yhe picked up the first oneCompareyala 1straightDerivativeyala·macat first for while
yala·macyalá·maʔadv1at first, from the beginningyala·macʼ e** muhe was firstyala·maʔ bakʰe ʔacaʔthe first man2for a whileyalá·maʔ mace·cʼimace·cʼi yála·maʔ | mace·cʼi yalawwait a whileyalawprevious at first
yala·maʔ bakʰeadjoriginal, first
yama·niyama·ni´nsheep6.3.1.2SheepFree Variantyama·nu< (Alaskan) Russ. yaman "wild sheep" (plur. yamani) < Tatar "domesticated goat"Compoundyama·ni qawilambyama·ni ʔimewool
yama·ni qawiyama·ni qáwinlambyama·ni qáwiyoung lamb6.3.1.2Sheep1.6.3Animal life cycleyama·nisheepqawismall young a little
yama·ni ʔimeyama·ni ʔímenwool, and by extension cotton6.3.7Animal products6.6.1.1Clothyama·nisheepʔimebody hair
yama·nuyama·nu´Free Variant ofyama·nisheep
yama·nu bihšenlamb (meat)
yama·nu duyamʔ bihšenmutton
*yama·taq-Plural of*ya·m1be unable to do all